Reverse Osmosis Film: Components break down!

Reverse Osmosis water filtration system, commonly known as RO Plant is an effective way to get the RO water filtration system needs to be met that you may have at home. The reason is that RO plants are a good way to filter out tap water or open-sourced water that the local water transplant system may not be adequately cleaning. This blog will discuss the main components of the RO plant water in detail so that you can understand the process on a deeper level. 

Quality Assessment:Image result for quality assessment
If all the RO plants are using the same components then how are the differentiated upon? Well, the process is extensively arduous on the components so the quality of the components is the defining factor in differentiating between the RO plants filtration’ price range and specifications variety. 

Cold Water Line Valve:

The valve line that fixes into the water supply that the plant receives has a tube attached that is connected to the inlet fixture of the RO pre-filteration. The water comes into the device from the cold water line valve. 

Pre- Filters: Image result for Pre- Filters

The water that comes from the cold supply line now enters the first step of filtration. The RO plant may have more than one pre-filter but the most common pre-filter is used to filter out sediment and there are also a few carbon filters. These filters protect the actual filter by cleaning out the sand silt, sediments, and other dirt as they could clog the system. 

Reverse Osmosis Membrane: Image result for Reverse Osmosis Membrane

This is the main filter in the RO plant with a semipermeable RO in pakistan membrane that will take out all the fine particles such as excess of chemicals, biological pollutants and finner particles that are contamination. 

Post Filter: 

Now the water goes into a post-filter where the filter is basically a carbon filter. The post-filter is also known as the polishing filter because it is designed to take out any of the remaining impurities that the water may have. 

Automatic Shut Off Valve: 

The water from the source gets filtered out in a quick moment and is stored in the storage tank. Now the storage tank can become full that is why the RO plant services has an automatic shut off valve that shuts off the further entry of water into the filter when the water levels in the storage tanks reach a certain level. 

Check Valve: 

The check valve is there to ensure that the filtered water does not flow back into the RO membrane to disbalance the equilibrium.

Storage Tank: 

The storage tank can take up to 2-4 gallons of water in a standard RO plant. This is the capacity of a standard under the sink RO Plant with dimensions of 12 inches and 15 inches. 

This is the basic principle of activity in a standard RO plant. The film membranes are provided by the Innovative Water company with the best quality for you to use in your RO plant.

Share your thoughts on the topic in the comments section. 

Higher Wastewater Treatment Using Cationic Poly Acrylamide (CPAM)

The higher water waste treatment is mostly conducted through Cationic Poly Acrylamide (CPAM) using a wide range of filtration processes that are focused on the various kinds of processes. This blog post will discuss all of these processes in greater detail so that the reader has a deeper understanding of all the processes underuse. 

Primary Clarification of Waste Water Treatment: 

This is the least amount of processing that water filtration treatment centers are willing to conduct. The main focus is to remove suspended solids and organic matter from the wastewater. The process used to achieve this goal is sedimentation as it focuses on taking out the heavy particles. Cationic Poly Acrylamide is the solution that is used to reduce organic debris in the water. The organic debris combines with the chemical and makes heavier and strong particles that do not pass through the gravel used in sedimentation. 

Secondary Wastewater Treatment:

The secondary water treatment process assumes that all the heavy particles and organic molecule concentration have been already taken out of the water stream. Now the water will be treated for the biological molecules and their eradication. The following are the steps that are taken to successfully ensure that. These processes are as follows:

Biofiltration: 

The process utilizes contact filters, general filters, and trickling filters to ensure that the water filtration is clearing out the bacterial impurities of the water. The process focuses on aerobic biological processes to reduce the bacterial concentration of impurities in the water. 

Aeration: 

The process focuses on increasing the oxygen saturation of water by bursting intense air into the water. It is a long process as the water needs to be processed with intense air for 30 hours but the process also ensures that all the contamination is completely eradicated. 

Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF):

This is another form of water filtration that focuses on the wastewater treatment through pressurizing the water with air. This process does have similarities to aeration but these two different processes.

In DAF, the water is passed through the air that dissolves into water, the air is passed through the water under intense pressure. Now that the air has filled the water, the air is now released at atmospheric pressure ina floatation tank basin. Now all the suspended material bonds with the air particles in the water and become foam. The foam is skimmed out of the water and it takes away all of the impurities with it.  

DAF as a water treatment is not only used for general water treatment but it widely used in cleaning out the industrial wastewater as well. The wastewater from oil refineries, paper mills, processing plants, general water treatments, and other industrial facilities. There is another similar process of induced gas floatation that is also commonly used for industrial water treatment. 

These are the main processes used for water treatment using the  Cationic Poly Acrylamide (CPAM) as a catalyst for water cleaning processes. We look forward to your comments!

 

Cationic Poly Acrylamide (CPAM)

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Cationic Poly Acrylamide(CPAM) is a linear polymer compound. Because it has a variety of active groups, it can be affinity with many substances and form hydrogen bonds. Mainly flocculates negatively charged colloids with the functions of removing turbidity, decolorization, adsorption, adhesion and other functions. It is suitable for organic colloid content in industries such as dyeing, papermaking, food, construction, metallurgy, mineral processing, pulverized coal, oil fields, aquatic products processing and fermentation. Higher wastewater treatment is particularly suitable for the dewatering of municipal sewage, municipal sludge, paper sludge and other industrial sludge.

Specifications:
※ Appearance: White powder or granular appearance

※ Solid content: ≥90%

※ Molecular weight: 800-1200 million

※ Insoluble matter: ≤0.5%

※ Residual unit: ≤0.05%

※ Cation degree: 10-90 %

※ Dissolution time: ≤60 minutes

The Scope of Application:
1)
 For sludge dewatering depending on the sludge properties, the corresponding grades of CPAM products can be used. The sludge can be effectively dewatered before the sludge enters the pressure filtration. When the sludge is dewatered, large flocs and non-sticky filter cloths are produced. Scattered, thick mud cake flow, high dewatering efficiency, mud cake moisture content below 80%.

2) For the treatment of domestic sewage and organic waste water, cationic poly acrylamide products are all positive in compatibility or alkaline medium, so that the flotation and sedimentation of sewage with suspended particles in the sewage with negative charge is very effective. Such as the production of grain alcohol wastewater, papermaking wastewater, municipal wastewater treatment plant wastewater, brewery wastewater, monosodium glutamate wastewater, sugar wastewater, organic high wastewater, feed wastewater, textile printing and dyeing wastewater, using cationic poly acrylamide than anion, Non-ionic poly acrylamides or inorganic salts are several or more times more effective because such wastewaters are generally negatively charged.

3) The flocculating agent for tap water with river water as the source of water is less in amount, effective, and low in cost, especially in combination with inorganic flocculants. It will become the tap water for the Yangtze, Yellow and other river basins. The plant’s efficient flocculant.

Usage
1).Through a small test to determine the best model, and the product’s optimal dosage.

2). The product is formulated as an aqueous solution with a concentration of 0.2% (referring to the solid content), preferably neutral water without salt.

3). Dissolved water, the product evenly sprinkled into the stirring water, appropriate heating (<60 °C) can be accelerated into a solution (stirring time is about 40 minutes).

4). Solid products should not be sprinkled on the floor to prevent the product from becoming slippery after absorbing moisture.

5). The preparation of PAM aqueous solution should be carried out in enamel, galvanized, aluminium or plastic barrels. It cannot be prepared and stored in iron containers.

6). When dissolving, care should be taken to add the product evenly and gradually to the dissolver with stirring and heating measures. The solidification should be avoided. The solution should be prepared at a suitable temperature, and mechanical shearing should be avoided. Mixer 60-200 rev / min, otherwise it will lead to polymer degradation, affecting the use of effects.

7). The PAM solution should be ready for use. When the solution is left for a long time, its performance will gradually decrease depending on the water quality.

8). After adding an aqueous flocculant solution to the suspension, if the stirring is vigorously performed for a long time, the formed flocks will be destroyed.

Packaging, Storage and Handling and Precautions:
Solid products are packed in paper bags, lined with plastic bags, 25kg per bag, and can also be packaged according to customer requirements.

This product has hygroscopicity, should be sealed and stored in a cool dry place, the temperature is lower than 35 °C, the effective storage period is 2 years.

Water purifying | Best Water Purifier Company in Pakistan

water-cleaning-machines.pngThe water treatment is conducted through various processes that are commonly available online. But what are the various ways of conducting water cleaning and what aims are they trying to achieve? This blog post will outline all of these steps and explain how various treatments processes are aimed at making water more compatible with human consumption.

METAL INDICATORS:

The metal element index is one of the key devices that are used to evaluate the water’s metallic balance. This is because the metallic component like lead, arsenic, and copper should not be higher than 0.1 mg/L. The level of metallic content is usually higher in water purifiers because the water keeps circling the atmospheric ecosystem and absorbs an immense amount of metallic components present in the system. The human body cannot take metallic content that is higher than 0.6 ~ 0.8 mg/L as it destroys the liver and kidneys and causes metal poisoning.

ORGANIC INDEX:

The organic index is mainly the other half of metallic indication because the same ecosystem that pushes an exuberant amount of metallic content into the water purification also pushes an immense amount of organic or acidic content as well. Carbon-based chemicals are the most commonly occurring chemical compounds that naturally occur in the water cycle of the Earth. That leads to the accumulation of chemicals like chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, monochloromethane, monobromodichloromethane, bromoform, and dibromodichloromethane among many others. All of these organic components are highly acidic in nature and increase the pH of the water considerable. These compounds are collectively named as halogenated alkyl. Another commonly found compound is the Chlorine Dioxide because it is commonly used as a disinfectant in water that is not aimed for drinking. This leads to an abundance of chlorine in the water as well. These components are considered to be closely responsible for the increase in chances of cancer in the consumers. 

BIOLOGICAL INDICATOR:

The number of biological elements such as coliform bacteria, colonies, molds, yeasts, and pathogenic bacteria is all a part of the microbial analysis. As biological elements are living organisms, they grow continuously so their levels have to be kept near to non- existent so that they cannot exceed the recommended amount. If the water is allowed to become polluted, then the water can have dangerous bacterium such as Escherichia coli that cause diarrhea in humans. More significant microbial growths include salmonella, staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus b. Salmonella and shigella that can cause enterotoxins that can be even life-threatening with intense gastrointestinal symptoms. 

Nitrite Content:
The nitrite content grows in water due to the presence of pesticides in agriculture that becomes a part of the ecosystem. The concentration of nitrite has to be less than 0.01 mg/L or else nitrite toxicity is a highly dangerous process in the human body.

These are the main components that are evaluated in the water purification processes so that the water becomes more stable and will become good for human consumption. Let us know your thoughts on the subject in the comments below.

Recirculating Cooling Water Non-oxidizing Fungicide (AD-402)

Recirculating-Cooling-Water

This is a broad-spectrum antisepsis algicide with high efficiency and long effects. It shows powerful killing and inhibitory properties for fungi cooling water and algae. It features low cost and no drug resistance. It is a combination of quaternary ammonium salt and isothiazolinone and other additives.

This product has a wide range of application, low use concentration, good compatibility, can be added to water in any way, has recirculating a very good stability, and good compatibility Non-oxidizing Fungicide with corrosion inhibitors, scale inhibitors, water purifiers, etc. It has a rapid killing effect on bacteria and algae, and can have a strong peeling function on the secretory mucus produced by the bacteria and algae for sterilization and slime peeling of circulating cooling water.

Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC)

PAC

Poly Aluminium Chloride (PAC), is a water-soluble inorganic polymer between AlCI3 and Al(OH)3, its general formula is [Al2(OH)nCl6-nLm], of which m represents the degree of polymerization and n represents the degree of neutrality of PAC products. This product has strong bridge adsorption performance. During the hydrolysis process, condensation, adsorption, precipitation as well as other physical and chemical processes also occurs at the same time.

The fundamental difference between poly aluminium chloride and traditional inorganic coagulants is that the traditional inorganic coagulants is low molecular crystal salt, but the structure of poly aluminium chloride is composed of polycarboxyl complex with variable morphology, it has high speed of flocculating and precipitating, suitable for wide PH range, no corrosive to pipeline equipment, obvious water purification effect, it can effectively remove chromaticness, Suspended Solids(SS), Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD) and such heavy metal ions as arsenic and mercury in the water. This product is widely used in drinking water, industrial water and wastewater treatment field.

Oil Field Water Injection Corrosion Inhibitor (AD-601)

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This product is compound mainly by imidazoline quaternary ammonium salt with some other corrosion additives, surfactants, etc. It has good corrosion resistance, good solubility, low emulsifying tendency and can be used in combination with many other chemical agents. It can inhibit both uniform corrosion and pitting corrosion It is an ideal corrosion inhibitor for water injection system in oil field.

It is suitable for corrosion prevention of sewage treatment and closed water injection system and dissolved pipeline in high mineralization oil field.

Description

  1. Specifications
Item Index
Appearance Orange-yellow to reddish brown liquid
Density (20℃),g/cm3 0.95-1.05
PH      ≥ 7.0
Condensation point    ℃    ≤ -4.5
Solubility Soluble in water
Corrosion rate,mm/a       ≤ 0.076
  1. Usage

The concentration used is usually 50-100 PPM.

  1. Package and Storage

200kg plastic lined iron drum or 25kg plastic drum package.

Store in a cool, dry place indoors with a shelf life of one year.