Compound Crude Oil Demulsifier to destabilize water-in-oil emulsions

Oil Field

In the manufacturing of crude oil, the greatest part of the crude oil takes place as a water-in-oil emulsion. The composition of the continuous section depends on the water to grease ratio, the herbal emulsifier systems contained inside the oil, and the foundation of the emulsion.

The naturally available emulsifiers present in crude oils have a complex chemical base. To conquer their effect, petroleum-emulsion demulsifiers ought to be selectively chosen. As new oil fields are developed, and because the manufacturing conditions alternate at older fields, there is a constant need for demulsifiers that result in a rapid separation into water and oil, in addition to minimal-residual water and salt mixtures.

Compound Crude Oil Demulsifier, or emulsion breaking, is especially crucial in crude oil manufacturing and wastewater treatment. In crude oil production, water-in-oil emulsions are generally produced with Oil Demulsifier. These emulsions can be extremely stable due to the asphaltenes and resins naturally discovered in lots of crude oils.

The powerful separation of crude oil and water is vital in terms of crude oil first-class but additionally to make certain the high quality of the separated water segment on the lowest viable cost.

Demulsifiers are used to destabilize water-in-oil emulsions

From the method point of view, there are two aspects of demulsification: the fee at which the separation takes location and the quantity of water left in the crude oil. Produced oil regularly has to satisfy the enterprise and pipeline specifications.

Usually, the oil that is shipped and processed from a moist crude-dealing factory or location might not comprise more than 0.2 % BS &W (basic sediment and water) or less than 5 kg of salt per thousand barrels of crude oil. This rather low awareness requirement is to lessen corrosion and the deposition of salts.

Oil Demulsifier Emulsion separation into oil and water involves the destabilization of the emulsifying movie round water droplets. As you can see multiple strategies can be used to destabilize the emulsion with respect to the addition of chemical demulsifiers, enhancing the temperature of the emulsion, using the electric fields promoting coalescence, and converting the bodily characteristics of the emulsion.

The addition of chemical demulsifiers is with the aid of far the most commonly used method.

Demulsifiers are surface-active agents that are designed to migrate on the oil-water interface and neutralize the effect of emulsifying agents.

The choice of the right demulsifier is vital within the emulsion-breaking method. Because of the large variety of components present in crude oil, it is critical to select the demulsifier primarily based at the crude oil type. Interfacial rheology parameters, in particular the interfacial dilatation elasticity, are recognized to correlate with emulsion stability.

The effectiveness of the demulsifiers is consequently studied by measuring the interfacial rheology of the oil-water interface inside the presence of introduced demulsifiers.

Mast Water Technology: Water Softening Solutions

 

Image result for Mast Water TechnologyMast water technology mainly focuses on providing water softening solutions to the modern household. The water that comes from the sea and mostly all the urban sources is hard and needs to be softened. That is why the water softening equipment is seriously appreciated in the urban dwellings where hard water is a serious issue. 

Hard water is water with an extremely strong salt concentration that is not easy to remove through regular filtration. As seawater has a strong salt concentration, the water that is used from sea-based sources is high in salt concentration and will need to be softened. 

Hard Water Issues:Image result for hard water issues

Hard water is hazardous water for everyday use in many ways. The salt deposits in the pipes and will also build scales in the hair. It makes human skin dry and cleaning appliances and utensils with hard water reduce their lifespan. The reason is that the strong concentration of salt makes the water chemistry not good for everyday use. 

Water Softening:Image result for water softening
The process of water softening takes the enormous amount of salt out of the waste water treatment so that it stops salt shedding throughout the use. The process is mainly ion exchange because salt is a combination of negative and positive ions. If you break the ionic bond then the salt will deposit in the softening machine and the water will come with a considerably reduced salt concentration in the water. 

Resin Beads:Image result for Resin Beads
The water is mainly pushed through resin beads that are made of polystyrene and are charged with sodium ions. The sodium is the positive charge while the beads themselves are negatively charged. The negative ions will connect with the positive charge of salt and vice versa, the salt in the water is left with resin beads and the water that comes out has a considerably lower amount of salt in it. 

The machine looks like a long cylinder and if a person lives close to the sea, then it is a small investment for a healthier quality of life. 

The machine and its apparatus are extremely easy to maintain, the beads and inexpensive and cleaning is not required in months.

 

But this simple device will make the water good for your skin, your hair, your food, and all other factors that are a part of everyday life. So go get one for your family this Christmas for use this type of  services visit our website invwater.com

Pure Water: Characteristics

There are many characteristics of pure water that we tend to see being advertised on television. But how many of them are actually important or even healthy for you as a human being? Here are a few of the facts that we all hear about water on television and the real opinions we have on these facts.

Mineral Water:Image result for mineral water
We all have seen a water bottle with a lake on it. The main idea purified water treatment is that a water source near the mountains have water with miraculous qualities. In modern life that could not be farther than the truth. The truth is that the water that is obtained from lakes is stagnant and came from the glaciers and that water is not healthy at all.

Lake Water:Image result for Lake Water
Have you ever seen any of the tourists drink water purified  process from the lake? Have any of them ever tried to store the water and take it back home? No, that is because the lake water stays stagnant forever. Lakes do not fill and dry up, they simply stay. The water is not hazardous but it is not super clean either.

The Miraculous Mountain Water:Image result for The Miraculous Mountain Water
Another weird myth that comes from God knows where is that mountain water is better for humans than the seawater. The seas are massive and they keep sloshing around in themselves, so fresh water comes to the shore all the time. It’s not ideal and definitely not drinkable but glaciers, unless they are in Alaska, are no better than your ordinary water source and they certainly do not have any miraculous qualities.

The Source:Image result for the source
Now the question becomes, where does these myths come from? Well, the mineral content in the water is pretty important in the mineral water bottle. There is an automatic assumption that seawater is hard and it does not have minerals and the land water has stronger mineral content. 

The truth is that this is just a pointless and completely fabricated presumption. Seawater is high mineral content as well and desalination of seawater makes it a very high-quality water source.

All in all, let’s fight the unhealthy culture of letting myths drive promotional campaigns,wastewater treatment and accept that mineral water from lakes or mountains is not considered anymore healthier than your standard seawater source. 

Check out various water filtration processes in our blogs.

Crude Oil types Explained!

crude-oil

The crude oil is a great resource that is used all over the world every day. In this blog post, we will discuss the crude oil types that are used in the markets all over the world. These types have to be understood so that you can look up the various filtration modes that these crude oil products use. 

Following are the four types that we are discussing:

Light Distillates:

Light-Distillates.jpg

The light distillates are the OIL FIELD ASSISTANT that have high volatility, and that means they are easily combustible and will also evaporate if left in the open air. They are considered the highest quality of oils produced in the crude oil extraction process and are the lightest in chemical composition. The oils such as Kerosene, light and heavy Naphtha, Petroleum Spirit, Petroleum Naphtha, Gasoline, Jet Fuel, and Petroleum Ether are all forms of the light distillates.

Middle Distillates:

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The grade 1 and grade 2 fuel oils and diesel that is a part of the middle distillates category include the usual domestic fuels, light, crude marine gas oils, and similar diesel-based products. These oils are also considerably volatile but are less volatile than their lighter counterparts. They are also comparatively less evaporative and their fumes are toxic as well.

Medium Oils:

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This is the most extensive category of crude oil with a lot of leftover forms of crude oil being used on more everyday purposes. These are less volatile oils with an increased toxicity level and all the usual oil spills in the oceans are mainly these forms of oils. 

Heavy Crude Oils:

Heavy-Crude-Oils.jpgHeavy crude oils are also known as heavy fuel oils and include grades 3, 4, 5 and 6 fuel OIL ADDITIVES also known as Bunker B & C. The intermediate heavy marine fuels are included in this list. There is minimal evaporation of these oils and they are highly toxic in nature. They have a strong tendency to be toxic for fish, fowl and fur-bearing creatures. They also cause long term contamination of water and soil that they come across. 

There are more than 160 different forms of crude oils but they are usually all falling in one of these categories. 

We would love to know what you find out on the purification of all of these crude oils.

Oil Field Water Injection Corrosion Inhibitor (AD-601)

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This product is compound mainly by imidazoline quaternary ammonium salt with some other corrosion additives, surfactants, etc. It has good corrosion resistance, good solubility, low emulsifying tendency and can be used in combination with many other chemical agents. It can inhibit both uniform corrosion and pitting corrosion It is an ideal corrosion inhibitor for water injection system in oil field.

It is suitable for corrosion prevention of sewage treatment and closed water injection system and dissolved pipeline in high mineralization oil field.

Description

  1. Specifications
Item Index
Appearance Orange-yellow to reddish brown liquid
Density (20℃),g/cm3 0.95-1.05
PH      ≥ 7.0
Condensation point    ℃    ≤ -4.5
Solubility Soluble in water
Corrosion rate,mm/a       ≤ 0.076
  1. Usage

The concentration used is usually 50-100 PPM.

  1. Package and Storage

200kg plastic lined iron drum or 25kg plastic drum package.

Store in a cool, dry place indoors with a shelf life of one year.

Compound Crude Oil Demulsifier (AD-501)

compund-crude-oil

After the emulsion formed from crude oil containing water, its viscosity, density and freezing point increases, this makes the liquidity of crude oil worse, oil well production load rising and the energy consumption increasing, at the same time, the storage and transportation energy consumption also getting higher.

A summary treatment of crude oil follows. For full treatment, see petroleum, petroleum production, and petroleum refining.

Crude oil is a mixture of comparatively volatile liquid hydrocarbons (compounds composed mainly of hydrogen and carbon), though it also contains some nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen. Those elements form a large variety of complex molecular structures, some of which cannot be readily identified. Regardless of variations, however, almost all crude oil ranges from 82 to 87 percent carbon by weight and 12 to 15 percent hydrogen by weight.

Crude oils are customarily characterized by the type of hydrocarbon compound oil that is most prevalent in them: paraffins, naphthenes, and aromatics. Paraffins are the most common hydrocarbons in crude oil; certain liquid paraffins are the major constituents of gasoline (petrol) and are therefore highly valued. Naphthenes are an important part of all liquid refinery products, but they also form some of the heavy asphaltlike residues of refinery processes. Aromatics generally constitute only a small percentage of most crudes. The most common aromatic in crude oil is benzene, a popular building block in the petrochemical industry. And Grill