Hard water is water with an extremely strong salt concentration that is not easy to remove through regular filtration. As seawater has a strong salt concentration, the water that is used from sea-based sources is high in salt concentration and will need to be softened.
Hard Water Issues:
Hard water is hazardous water for everyday use in many ways. The salt deposits in the pipes and will also build scales in the hair. It makes human skin dry and cleaning appliances and utensils with hard water reduce their lifespan. The reason is that the strong concentration of salt makes the water chemistry not good for everyday use.
Water Softening: The process of water softening takes the enormous amount of salt out of the waste water treatment so that it stops salt shedding throughout the use. The process is mainly ion exchange because salt is a combination of negative and positive ions. If you break the ionic bond then the salt will deposit in the softening machine and the water will come with a considerably reduced salt concentration in the water.
Resin Beads: The water is mainly pushed through resin beads that are made of polystyrene and are charged with sodium ions. The sodium is the positive charge while the beads themselves are negatively charged. The negative ions will connect with the positive charge of salt and vice versa, the salt in the water is left with resin beads and the water that comes out has a considerably lower amount of salt in it.
The machine looks like a long cylinder and if a person lives close to the sea, then it is a small investment for a healthier quality of life.
The machine and its apparatus are extremely easy to maintain, the beads and inexpensive and cleaning is not required in months.
But this simple device will make the water good for your skin, your hair, your food, and all other factors that are a part of everyday life. So go get one for your family this Christmas for use this type of services visit our website invwater.com
There are many characteristics of pure water that we tend to see being advertised on television. But how many of them are actually important or even healthy for you as a human being? Here are a few of the facts that we all hear about water on television and the real opinions we have on these facts.
Mineral Water: We all have seen a water bottle with a lake on it. The main idea purified water treatment is that a water source near the mountains have water with miraculous qualities. In modern life that could not be farther than the truth. The truth is that the water that is obtained from lakes is stagnant and came from the glaciers and that water is not healthy at all.
Lake Water: Have you ever seen any of the tourists drink water purified process from the lake? Have any of them ever tried to store the water and take it back home? No, that is because the lake water stays stagnant forever. Lakes do not fill and dry up, they simply stay. The water is not hazardous but it is not super clean either.
The Miraculous Mountain Water: Another weird myth that comes from God knows where is that mountain water is better for humans than the seawater. The seas are massive and they keep sloshing around in themselves, so fresh water comes to the shore all the time. It’s not ideal and definitely not drinkable but glaciers, unless they are in Alaska, are no better than your ordinary water source and they certainly do not have any miraculous qualities.
The Source: Now the question becomes, where does these myths come from? Well, the mineral content in the water is pretty important in the mineral water bottle. There is an automatic assumption that seawater is hard and it does not have minerals and the land water has stronger mineral content.
The truth is that this is just a pointless and completely fabricated presumption. Seawater is high mineral content as well and desalination of seawater makes it a very high-quality water source.
All in all, let’s fight the unhealthy culture of letting myths drive promotional campaigns,wastewater treatment and accept that mineral water from lakes or mountains is not considered anymore healthier than your standard seawater source.
The water treatment is conducted through various processes that are commonly available online. But what are the various ways of conducting water cleaning and what aims are they trying to achieve? This blog post will outline all of these steps and explain how various treatments processes are aimed at making water more compatible with human consumption.
The metal element index is one of the key devices that are used to evaluate the water’s metallic balance. This is because the metallic component like lead, arsenic, and copper should not be higher than 0.1 mg/L. The level of metallic content is usually higher in water purifiers because the water keeps circling the atmospheric ecosystem and absorbs an immense amount of metallic components present in the system. The human body cannot take metallic content that is higher than 0.6 ~ 0.8 mg/L as it destroys the liver and kidneys and causes metal poisoning.
The organic index is mainly the other half of metallic indication because the same ecosystem that pushes an exuberant amount of metallic content into the water purification also pushes an immense amount of organic or acidic content as well. Carbon-based chemicals are the most commonly occurring chemical compounds that naturally occur in the water cycle of the Earth. That leads to the accumulation of chemicals like chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, monochloromethane, monobromodichloromethane, bromoform, and dibromodichloromethane among many others. All of these organic components are highly acidic in nature and increase the pH of the water considerable. These compounds are collectively named as halogenated alkyl. Another commonly found compound is the Chlorine Dioxide because it is commonly used as a disinfectant in water that is not aimed for drinking. This leads to an abundance of chlorine in the water as well. These components are considered to be closely responsible for the increase in chances of cancer in the consumers.
The number of biological elements such as coliform bacteria, colonies, molds, yeasts, and pathogenic bacteria is all a part of the microbial analysis. As biological elements are living organisms, they grow continuously so their levels have to be kept near to non- existent so that they cannot exceed the recommended amount. If the water is allowed to become polluted, then the water can have dangerous bacterium such as Escherichia coli that cause diarrhea in humans. More significant microbial growths include salmonella, staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus b. Salmonella and shigella that can cause enterotoxins that can be even life-threatening with intense gastrointestinal symptoms.
Nitrite Content: The nitrite content grows in water due to the presence of pesticides in agriculture that becomes a part of the ecosystem. The concentration of nitrite has to be less than 0.01 mg/L or else nitrite toxicity is a highly dangerous process in the human body.
These are the main components that are evaluated in the water purification processes so that the water becomes more stable and will become good for human consumption. Let us know your thoughts on the subject in the comments below.
This product is compound mainly by imidazoline quaternary ammonium salt with some other corrosion additives, surfactants, etc. It has good corrosion resistance, good solubility, low emulsifying tendency and can be used in combination with many other chemical agents. It can inhibit both uniform corrosion and pitting corrosion It is an ideal corrosion inhibitor for water injection system in oil field.
It is suitable for corrosion prevention of sewage treatment and closed water injection system and dissolved pipeline in high mineralization oil field.
Orange-yellow to reddish brown liquid
Condensation point ℃ ≤
Soluble in water
Corrosion rate，mm/a ≤
The concentration used is usually 50-100 PPM.
Package and Storage
200kg plastic lined iron drum or 25kg plastic drum package.
Store in a cool, dry place indoors with a shelf life of one year.
Pure water, clean water or pure water for short, is a pure, clean, do not contain impurities or bacteria in the water, in accord with hygienic standards for drinking water water as raw water, by electrodialysis method, ion exchange method, reverse osmosis, distillation and other appropriate, processing method, the seal in the container, and do not contain any additives, colorless, transparent, can be directly drinkable. The space water that sells on the market, distilled water belongs to pure water. Sometimes the word is also used with distilled water or rainwater from a chemical laboratory.
The metal element index stipulates the content of lead, arsenic and copper in the standard, and lead and arsenic shall not exceed 0.1mg/L, which mainly comes from the environment affected by human activities, including soil and river pollution. As lead, arsenic is poisonous and harmful elements, but by respiratory or digestive tract into the body and accumulation in the body, the lead content in the blood is 0.6 ~ 0.8 mg/L can damage the internal organs, and arsenic compounds will cause poisoning, so their levels should be as small as possible, and copper in the standard stipulated in the must not exceed 1.0 mg/L, while copper is not harmful elements, but it is not the more the better material, for pure water, one of the symbols of is to measure the degree of purity.
ORGANIC INDEX The organic index is mainly embodied in the national standard for the chloroform and carbon tetrachloride content of the provisions. Because the quality problem of barreled pure water providers in karachi is mainly concentrated on microorganism detection exceeding the standard, in order to solve this problem, many manufacturers are not from the production process, quality management, but only through the quantity to try to solve the problem of microorganism pollution of pure water, commonly used disinfectant for chlorine disinfectant such as chlorine dioxide. Barreled pure water can produce some new organic halogenates due to chlorination disinfection, the main components are trichloromethane (chloroform) and carbon tetrachloride and a small amount of monochloromethane, monobromodichloromethane, dibromodichloromethane and bromoform, etc., collectively known as halogenated alkyl. After detection, the halogenated alkanes content in the chlorinated drinking water and tap water is generally higher than that in the source water. Among them, chloroform and carbon tetrachloride are of high content, which is harmful to human body. If drinking chloroform and carbon tetrachloride for a long time, the purified water exceeding the standard will lead to liver poisoning or even canceration. In order to protect the health of consumers, the national standard gb17324-1998 clearly stipulates that the content of trichloromethane and carbon tetrachloride in drinking pure water shall not exceed 0.02mg/L and 0.001mg/L respectively.
BIOLOGICAL INDICATOR In the national standards, the microbial indexes include the total number of colonies, coliform bacteria, pathogenic bacteria, molds and yeasts. From the detection of purified water in recent years, microbial indicators are one of the indicators that are easy to exceed the standard. This is due to microbial contamination in the production, processing, transportation and marketing of purified water. In production and processing, workers do not pay attention to personal hygiene, recycling bottles cleaning, disinfection is not strict, and even some manufacturers in order to reduce costs, recycling caps used again, due to the deformation of recycling caps, caused by the bottle mouth is not sealed may cause microbial pollution. The excess of microorganisms reflects the degree of water pollution. Among them escherichia coli achieves certain index, can cause human body diarrhoea. Pathogens include salmonella, shigella, staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus b. Salmonella, shigella contaminated water can cause acute intestinal infections, diarrhea, fever and other symptoms; The enterotoxin produced by staphylococcus aureus can cause poisoning, acute gastrointestinal symptoms and even life threatening. Streptococcus b is the main pathogen causing suppurative inflammation in human body. Mold and yeast widely distributed in nature, in the process of the growth of mold in the breeding in food absorb nutrients to the food in the food nutrition value is reduced, and odor, influence the sense of food, especially mould to grow in the process of producing toxins can cause chronic poisoning, severe cases can lead to cancer.
The content of nitrite is another important indicator in the national standard health index. Nitrite mainly comes from the nitrate in the soil near the water source, and the nitrate content is higher in the saline-alkali land, the nitrate fertilizer applied in large quantities and the soil short of molybdenum. Nitrite shall not exceed 0.002mg/L in the national standard.
THE PRODUCTION MECHANISM In the production process of high purity water, anions and cations in water can be removed by electrodialysis, reverse osmosis and ion exchange resin technology. In general, the particles in water can be removed by ultrafiltration, membrane filtration and other technologies. Bacteria in water, at present, the domestic use of medicine or ultraviolet lamp irradiation or ozone sterilization method to remove; Water TOC is generally activated carbon, reverse osmosis treatment. In the field of high pure water application, the purity of water is directly related to the performance, reliability and threshold voltage of devices, leading to low breakdown, defects, and affecting the few children life of materials. Therefore, high pure water requires high purity and precision.
Natural dissolved gases in water mainly include O2, CO2, SO2 and a small amount of CH4, radon and chlorine. In the production process of high purity water, it is also necessary to remove such gases. In order to effectively remove impurities, some chemical fungicides, such as formaldehyde, hydrogen peroxide and sodium hypochlorite, were added in the process of producing high purity water. These are some of the reasons why high purity water is not drinkable.
So what is pure water? Pure water refers to the water quality pure, does not contain any harmful substances and bacteria, such as organic pollutants, inorganic salt, any additives and various impurities, effectively avoid the invasion of the human body all kinds of germs, its advantage is that can be safely effectively supplement moisture to the body, strong solubility, strong affinity to the human body cells, therefore, it can promote metabolism.
It is water produced after deep treatment by ion exchange, reverse osmosis, fine filtration and other appropriate physical processing methods. Under normal circumstances, in the production process of pure water, only 50% to 75% of the source water is used, that is to say, 1 kg of tap water or groundwater can only produce about 0.4 kg of pure water, and the remaining 0.6 kg of water cannot be used as drinking water, can only be used for other purposes.
Based on science development and technology innovation and dedicated to the improvement of water environment, our company is a high-tech environmental protection engineering company specialized in the research and development of water treatment equipment and technology, engineering contracting and the installation as well as the commission of the mechanical and electrical equipment. Besides, our company is the earliest and biggest high-tech environmental protection chemical enterprise dedicated in comprehensively researching and developing the environmental-friendly water treatment agents in China. The company is mainly engaged in the installation, modification as well as improvement of EPC projects regarding to water treatment companies in pakistan in the fields of electric power, industry, chemical industry, food processing, urban life and so forth.
Research and development and introduction and application of foreign top technology
CENTRAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT The objective of waste water treatment is to reduce the concentrations of specific pollutants to the level at which the discharge of the effluent will not adversely affect the environment or pose a health threat. Moreover, reduction of these constituents need only be to some required level. Although water can technically be completely purified by distillation and deionization, this is unnecessary and may actually be detrimental to the receiving water. Fish and other organisms cannot survive in deionized or distilled water.
For any given wastewater in a specific location, the degree and type of treatment are variables that require engineering decisions. Often the degree of treatment depends on the assimilative capacity of the receiving water. DO sag curves can indicate how much BOD must be removed from wastewater so that the DO of the receiving water is not depressed too far. The amount of BOD that must be removed is an effluent standard (discussed more fully in Chapter 11) and dictates in large part the type of wastewater treatment required.
Microorganisms in circulating water of power plant bring great harm to cooling water system. It not only affects the effect of heat transfer, but also would lead to corrosion of heat exchanger, in seriously would result in shutdown. Now the plant uses the bactericide to treat with the microbial fouling generally, and a variety of fungicides have been developed. However, the long-term usage of fungicide will make the bacteria appear resistance, which greatly limits the application of such measures. This paper overviewed different resistance mechanisms of Pseudomonas, sulfate-reducing bacteria, iron bacteria and slime forming bacteria in the microbial fouling to bactericide and put forward some solutions.
Benzalkonium Chloride is one of the Quaternary ammonium class of Cationic surfactants, belonging to nonoxidizing biocide. It is widely used as a disinfectant in the Hospital, Livestock and Personal Hygiene sectors
Isothiazolinones is a kind of fungicidal with properties of broad spectrum, high efficiency, low toxicity and non-oxidative, it is the ideal biocidal in industrial circulating cool water system and in wastewater treatment in oilfield, papermaking, pesticide, cutting oil, leather, detergent and cosmetics etc..
SDIC is water soluble, it has properties of high effective, instant effective, wide range and safety. SDIC has strong fungicide effect, even at dosage of 20ppm, the fungicide ratio can reach to 99%.
TH-409 is composed of cationic surfactant, penetrating agent and dispersant. TH-409 has the advantages of high efficiency, wide range, sterilization, fungicidal, sludge stripping and cleaning